It was first used as a color name in the late 17th century
The color pink has been described in literature since ancient times. In the Od- yssey, written in approximately 800 BCE, Homer wrote “Then, when the child of morning, rosy-fingered dawn appeared…” Roman poets also described the color. Roseus is the Latin word meaning “rosy” or “pink.” Lucretius used the word to describe the dawn, in his epic poem On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura). Pink was not a common color in the fashion of the Middle Ages; nobles usually preferred brighter reds, such as crimson.
However, it did appear in women’s fashion, and in religious art. In the 13th and 14th centuries, in works by Cimabue and Duccio, the Christ child was some- times portrayed dressed in pink, the color associated with the body of Christ. In the high Renaissance painting the Madonna of the Pinks by Raphael, the Christ child is presenting a pink flower to the Virgin Mary.
The pink was a symbol of marriage, showing a spiritual marriage between the mother and child.